Anterior Cruciate Ligament ( ACL) Injury
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is important for maintaining stability of the knee joint, particularly in activities involving weaving, pivoting or kicking. The knee becomes unstable with a ruptured ACL and the joint may become more damaged over time. RICE and electrotherapy can be applied during several weeks ahead of the surgery in order to reduce swelling and pain, to attempt full range of motion and to decrease joint effusion. This will help the patient to regain better motion and strength after the surgery.
After ACL injury, regardless of whether surgery will take place or not, physiotherapy management focuses on regaining range of movement, strength, proprioception and stability.
PRICE should be used in order to reduce swelling and pain, to attempt full range of motion and to decrease joint effusion.
Exercises should encourage range of movement, strengthening of the quadriceps and hamstrings, and proprioception.